“International Designation is Sweet Victory for Burgundy” is the title of the August 17, 2015 New York Times article by Elaine Sciolino, which tells the story of how Burgundian vineyards received UNESCO World Heritage Site designation. “Burgundian terroir and climats” joins “Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars” on the 2015 UNESCO induction list.
There seems to be a movement among some wine regions to seek the UNESCO designation in addition to their regional appellation. During our visit to the Italian northeast last year we learned that Conegliano-Valdobbiadene had applied for UNESCO status for their dramatic and beautiful hillside vineyards. I saw that as a special case, bow I am starting to think that UNESCO-designation is a broader trend that deserves more attention.
A to Z: 1031 UNESCO World Heritage Sites
The UNESCO World Heritage Site program has grown and changed since it was initiated in 1978. There are currently a total of 1031 UNESCO-designated properties in 163 countries around the world. About 80 percent are designated cultural sites and 20 percent are natural heritage locations. Forty-eight are listed as “in danger.” Here is a list of the 1978 first group of UNESCO sites. You can see a strong preservation motive here.
City of Quito
Historic Centre of Kraków
Island of Gorée
L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site
Mesa Verde National Park
Nahanni National Park
Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela
Simien National Park
Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines
Yellowstone National Park
and here are the locations on the 2015 list
Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalú and Monreale
Baekje Historic Areas
Baptism Site “Bethany Beyond the Jordan” (Al-Maghtas)
Blue and John Crow Mountains
Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars
Christiansfeld, a Moravian Church Settlement
Climats, terroirs of Burgundy
Cultural Landscape of Maymand
Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape
Fray Bentos Industrial Landscape
Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape
Necropolis of Bet She’arim: A Landmark of Jewish Renewal
Rjukan–Notodden Industrial Heritage Site
Rock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia
San Antonio Missions
Singapore Botanic Gardens
Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining
Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus
The Forth Bridge
The par force hunting landscape in North Zealand
World Heritage Vineyards and Wine Regions
A surprising (to me) number of these sites have wine connections. Here’s a list of wine-related UNESCO properties and the year each was added to the list based on my quick survey of 1031 sites on the list. There may be some that I have over-looked — please use the Comments section below to let everyone know of additions to the list.
- Burgundy terroir and climats (2015)
- Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars (2015)
- Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir (2014)
- Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato (2014)
- Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces (2007)
- Bordeaux, Port of the Moon (2007)
- Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture (2004)
- South Africa Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (2004)
- Upper Middle Rhine Valley (2002)
- Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape (2002)
- Alto Douro Wine Region (2001)
- The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes (2000)
- Wachau Cultural Landscape (2000)
- Historic Centre of Oporto (1996)
UNESCO and Wine: Some Unanswered Questions
The vineyards and wine regions on the UNESCO list so far are certainly important, but it is easy to think of other wine regions around the world that have special properties and that are not yet on the list. I wonder where this movement will lead? The rise of the UNESCO World Heritage Vineyard project prompts a number of interesting questions.
What are the costs and benefits of World Heritage status?
Why, when wine has appellations, AVAs and Geographical Indicators galore, is there a need for an additional designation?
Should your wine region look into UNESCO designation?
Answers to these questions and more in the next Wine Economist column.