Lettie Teague’s column in today’s Wall Street Journal provokes a post on Washington wine’s identity crisis.
Teague writes in “Stalking the Wines of Washington” that the Washington wine industry has expanded rapidly in the last few years and that there are many great wines and great wine values. Yet Washington wines are hard to buy (she had trouble finding them in New York wine shops) and hard to sell (she quotes several winemakers in this regard, including Chris Camarda of Andrew Will, who is holding back wine and reducing capacity by 40%). What’s the problem?
I Can Get it for you Wholesale
Well, as in most cases, it is not a single thing but a confluence of forces at work. Although she says that fine wines from Washington have a reputation for good value, Teague suggests that many are currently over-priced relative to Napa Valley products. Judging from my email inbox, the reason for this is that a lot of Napa producers are selling off their wines at deeply-discounted prices.
The typical deal I am offered is “limited time only” 50% off the retail price plus discounted shipping. A great deal, except I can sometimes find even lower prices on these wines at local stores. The wholesale prices must be rock-bottom if wineries can do better with these low revenue direct sales. Teague writes that
One Washington winemaker lamented to me, “We can’t compete when Pahlmeyer Cabernet that used to be $90 a bottle is now $45 a bottle.” And so, while the quality has never been higher—Washington has had three excellent vintages (2006, 2007 and 2008)—the wines are getting harder and harder to find in stores outside of Washington state.
[Interestingly, some of the offers have six bottle limits — a psychological ploy in most cases, I think, to make customers believe that surplus wines are really quite scarce. Wine people tell me that it works every time.]
I think that Washington wines are still a great value, given their high quality, but deep discounting by the competition is never a good thing for producers.
Napa Valley vs Columbia Valley
The lack of a strong regional wine identity is a second issue that Teague identifies (she also cites the small scale of most Washington producers as a disadvantage). Everyone thinks they know what Napa Valley wine is (although it is a large and very varied AVA that produces lots of different types and styles of wine). Napa was a strong brand.
What is Washington wine? Washington apples have a strong identity and Washington cherries, too. But Washington wine — not so much. A stronger, more prestigious identity could be a real advantage, especially in this economic climate, Teague notes.
… Napa Valley has just done a much better job of marketing itself, according to Marty Clubb, whose L’Ecole 41 Winery in Walla Walla is probably one of the best known and oldest (circa 1983) wineries in the state. “Nobody really knows where our wines are from. People recognize our brand but not as a Washington-state winery.”
Washington has well-known wine brands at nearly every price point from Columbia Crest to Quilceda Creek, but there is no well-established Brand Washington. This is an issue that Paul Gregutt identified in his terrific book, Washington Wines & Wineries: The Essential Guide (watch for a second edition on bookstore shelves this fall). He interviewed leaders in the Washington wine industry about their vision for Brand Washington and, while most considered this an important issue, no consensus emerged.
I’ve heard that Allen Shoup (the godfather of Washington wine: former head of Chateau Ste Michelle, now the driving force at Long Shadows) wanted to promote the idea of the Columbia Valley as Washington’s equivalent of Napa Valley — building the Columbia Valley brand to compete with California.
But this plan ran into a collective action problem as individual producers invested in their own private brands and sub-AVA brands instead. I’m sure some buyers today see Columbia Valley as a generic designation, not the prestige brand originally envisioned. And I’m sure a lot of people don’t associate it with any particular place (some people still confuse Washington State with Washington DC; maybe they think the Columbia Valley is in … Columbia!).
Although the lack of regional identity may be a serious issue in the long run, I think other problems are more pressing right now. After all, most of those deep discount emails I’m getting aren’t coming from Washington, they’re being sent out by famous wineries in famous Napa Valley. A strong identity surely helps, but can’t completely compensate for competitive market forces.
One area where Washignton’s wine identity is strong is in Riesling. Riesling Rendezvous — sponsored by Chateau Ste Michelle and Mosel’s Dr. Loosen, begins tomorrow. Riesling makers from around the world will gather near Seattle to discuss the problems and opportunities they face. Look for a Riesling Rendezvous post in the near future.
Mike, I scratched my head at some of the statements in the WSJ story. Apart from a few minor misstatements of fact, the general focus seemed awfully negative. She only found two wineries that were doing well? I could easily name two dozen, and most of the rest are getting by because they only make a few hundred cases. Pahlmeyer at $45 is a decent buy, but I fail to see how Washington can’t compete. I’m seeing Washington wines being offered at Costco, Garagiste and Full Pull at sensational prices – often under $20 – that could compete. Lettie Teague can’t find Washington wines in her neighborhood bodega because NY liquor laws are even worse than ours!
I agree with you, Paul. I think the hidden message in the WSJ article is that (some) California wineries are the ones that are having trouble competing — hence the fire sale prices.
Mike, thanks for the post. I have been thinking a lot about the WSJ article this past week. I do believe there is an issue in Washington at the moment that Lettie touched on, firesaling large volume CA wine is creating problems for WA wineries that can’t compete with those prices without going out of business. Not sure how it’s going to play out.
I agree that the branding issue has yet to be solved despite much work. We’ll see if the wineries can unlock the branding code.